Which of the following statements is true according Paragraph three？
A．College students have to pay more for textbooks than four years ago.
B．The NACS hardly encourages students to use used books or rent texts.
C．The annual tuition of college students has been declining slowly.
D．$655 for textbooks is a big sum compared to the annual tuition.
Open educational resources are expected to______.
A．bring down the cost of textbooks
B．replace the role of the encyclopedia
C．help students improve their grades
D．popularize traditional textbooks
This passage is focused on______.
A．whether college students should buy textbooks
B．why college textbooks are so absurdly expensive
C．what textbooks are more profitable for publishers
D．which textbooks are economical for students
Michelle Dockery, the actress who plays Lady Mary Crawley in Downton Abbey, says manners have disappeared in modern Britain. "Those old manners," she says, "such as men standing when women arrive at the dinner table or opening doors for you—are lovely, and its lovely when you see a man doing that. But young men wouldnt think about that for a second because its not the culture anymore." She puts it down to the rise of sexual equality, which I suppose might play a small part in the collapse of manners. But the loss of noble qualities is a minor element in a much bigger story. Over the last 50 years, the British have changed from one of the politest nations to one of the rudest. Luckily for us, the old-fashioned image persists abroad of us as a bowler-hat-wearing race, obsessed with tea and cricket. Those misconceptions are swiftly cured by a visit to one of the pedestrianised fighting areas in any provincial town centre on a Saturday evening at the closing time of a pub. Of course, the image was always a slight myth. The British have always drunk heavily, and sworn even more. But they used to have a double persona—the heavy drinking, swearing one, which would be replaced by the polite persona immediately when good manners were required. That idea of public shame has disappeared, and is now even condemned as pretentious. Self-righteousness has taken its place—its OK to play a DVD at top volume in a train carriage/wear a luminous green vest at a funeral, because the offender thinks its OK. The only driving factor in these decisions is desire for your own pleasure rather than the desire to minimize the pain of others. This selfish behavior. is much more natural than the selflessness implied in manners. If we were brought up in the wild, wed all behave like this. Manners are taught. And thats the big reason why theyve collapsed over here—and— survived much better in other countries. Theyre not taught much here anymore by parents, on television or by public figures. In his latest book on litter, Theodore Dalrymple explains why the British litter these days—because they havent been socialized properly. Dr. Dalrymple and most of his generation—dont litter, he writes, because their mothers told them not to. Its the same with the modern collapse of manners.
Unlike Michelle Dockery, the author believes that the collapse of manners in Britain______.
A．is due to the improved social status of women
B．has nothing to do with noble qualities
C．has more significant causes than Dockery suggests
D．has never happened in daily life and work
The fourth paragraph implies that______.
A．foreigners still regard the British as impolite and rude
B．the British often start fighting after heavy drinking
C．British women have been traditionally well-dressed
D．the British enjoy drinking tea while playing cricket
The double persona that the British used to have is mentioned as evidence that______.
A．they used to care about their manners when necessary
B．they have behaved consistently on each occasion
C．they knew nothing about their image in other countries
D．they never paid any attention to their own manners
Paragraph six is focused on______.
A．higher moral standards in contemporary Britain
B．the extreme tolerance of bad manners in Britain
C．the exclusive pursuit of perfection in Britain
D．the loss of the sense of public shame in Britain
The collapse of manners in Britain can be ascribed to______.
A．natural evolution of human beings
B．the dominance of single-parent families
C．the absence of education on social manners
D．lack of harsh penalties on offenders
The central idea of this passage is that______.
A．manners change with the passage of time
B．the British have no manners now
C．manners remain unchanged in Britain
D．the British have come to be illiterate
This course is intended specifically for students who already have a good command of the basic grammar of English and are familiar with a reasonably wide selection of vocabulary, but who wish to increase their competence in the language. It will enable them to do so by finding out more about the many different kinds of usage that are all covered by the one deceptively simple word "English." The course exposes students to a variety of English used for different purposes. Each example, presented in both a spoken and a printed version, is accompanied by notes which call attention to some of its most important stylistic features and comment selectively on anything of particular interest or difficulty in the vocabulary and grammar.