外语类考试 (317,091)

  • There is widespread consensus among scholars that second language acquisition(MB1SLA)emerged as a distinct field of research from the late 1950s to early 1960s. There is a high level of agreement that the following questions【M1】______ have possessed the most attention of researchers in this area:【M2】______ Is it possible to acquire an additional language in the same sense one acquires a first language?【M3】______ What is the explanation for the fact adults have【M4】______ more difficulty in acquiring additional languages than children have? What motivates people to acquire additional languages? What is the role of the language teaching in the【M5】______ acquisition of an additional language? What sociocultural factors, if any, are relevant in studying the learning of additional languages? From a check of the literature of the field it is clear that all【M6】______ the approaches adopted to study the phenomena of SLA so far have one thing in common: The perspective adopted to view the acquiring of an additional language is that of an individual attempts to do【M7】______ so. Whether one labels it "learning" or "acquiring" an additional language, it is an individual accomplishment or what is under【M8】______ focus is the cognitive, psychological, and institutional status of an individual. That is, the spotlight is on what mental capabilities are involving, what psychological factors play a role in the learning【M9】______ or acquisition, and whether the target language is learnt in the classroom or acquired through social touch with native speakers.【M10】______

    【M1】

  • The physical distance between speakers can indicate a number of things and can also be used to consciously send messages about intent. Closeness, for example, indicates intimacy or threat to many speakers whilst distance may denote formality or a lack of interest. Proximity is also both a matter of personal style. and is often culture-bound so that what may seem normal to a speaker from one culture may appear unnecessarily close or distant to a speaker from another. And standing close to someone may be quite appropriate in some situations such as an informal party, but completely out of place in others, such as meeting with a superior. Posture can convey meaning too. Hunched shoulders and a hanging head give a powerful indication of mood. A lowered head when speaking to a superior(with or without eye contact)can convey the appropriate relationship in some cultures.

  • Nowadays, some companies have work-from-home or remote working policies, which means that their employees do not have to commute to work every day. Some people think that this can save a lot of time travelling to and from work, thus raising employees productivity. However, others argue that in the workplace, people can communicate face to face, which vastly increases the efficiency of coordination and cooperation. What is your opinion? Write an essay of about 400 words on the following topic: My Views on Working from Home In the first part of your essay you should state clearly your main argument, and in the second part you should support your argument with appropriate details. In the last part you should bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or make a summary. Marks will be awarded for content, organization, language and appropriateness. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks. Write your essay on ANSWER SHEET FOUR.

  • "It seems that Joan arrived late for the conference." The sentence means that

    A.Joan seems to have arrived late for the conference.

    B.Joan seemed to arrive late for the conference.

    C.Joan seems to arrive late for the conference.

    D.Joan seemed to arriving late for the conference.

  • All the following sentences indicate a subjunctive mood EXCEPT

    A.Jack wishes that he had studied business in university.

    B.I think it"s high time that she made up her mind.

    C.I had finished my homework when he called me.

    D.Take your raincoat in case it rain.

  • Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT?

    A.I told him this morning that I should be twenty tomorrow.

    B.My mother just asked me where I had been.

    C.Formerly people did not know the earth moves.

    D.She said that he was sleeping in her room.

  • He was hoping to take part in the drivers license test, but his parents ______ that they wont support him unless he can save money by himself.

    A.were deciding

    B.have decided

    C.decided

    D.will decide

  • A: May I smoke here? B: If you ______, choose a seat in the smoking section.

    A.should

    B.could

    C.may

    D.must

  • All you do now is ______ the housework before your mom arrives home.

    A.having finished

    B.finish

    C.finishing

    D.to have finished

  • If there were no polysemy, Chinese______ much easier to learn.

    A.will be

    B.could have been

    C.would be

    D.would have been