Today concern for the environment extends into suc...

Today concern for the environment extends into such areas as chemical pollution of the air we breathe and the water we drink, strip mining, dam and road building, noise pollution, offshore oil drilling, nuclear energy, waste disposal, the use of aerosol cans and nonreturnable beverage containers and a host of other issues. In fact, there is hardly a realm of national life that is not touched by the controversy that often pits those who style. themselves environmentalists against proponents of economic growth in our energy-consuming society. The problem is to balance the needs of the environment against those of the economy or consumers trying to cope with the high cost of living without destroying the earth on which we all depend. In this sense, it is important how nations should go about making environmental policies choice. Public awareness education on environment should be enhanced among citizens.

答案

正确答案:今天环境问题已扩大到以下领域:人们呼吸的空气和饮用的水之化学污染、露天采矿、堤坝和道路的建设、噪音污染、近岸钻井采油、核能、废物处理、气溶胶罐和不回收的饮料罐的使用以及一系列其他的问题。事实上国民生活的方方面面无不涉及一种争议这一争议往往使以环境论者自居的人同我们耗能型社会的经济增长主张者对立起来。问题其实是要在环保需求同经济消耗需求之间找到平衡既可应付高昂的生活费用又不会破坏人们赖以生存的环境。从这个意义上说国家如何着手选择环境政策至关重要应该在公民中开展关于增强公共环境意识的教育。
Todayconcernfortheenvironmentextendsintosuchareasaschemicalpollutionoftheairwebreatheandthewaterwedrink,stripmmmg,damandroadbuilding,noisepollution,offshoreoildrilling,nuclearenergy,wastedisposal,theuseofaerosolcansandnonreturnablebeveragecontainersandahostofotherissues.此句较长,主要句架为:Todayconcernfortheenvironmentextendsintosuchareasas…;其中pollutionoftheairwebreathe和thewaterwedrink都嵌套了不带that的定语从句。翻译时可译为“的"字结构:“人们呼吸的空气和饮用的水",由于代词we为泛指,可灵活译为汉语的“人们”,而句中第二次出现的we则可以省略不译。concernfortheenvironment中介词结构fortheenvironment后置修饰名词concern。句中的roadbuilding,noisepollution,offshoreoildrilling,nuclearenergy,wastedisposal等均为名词作定语,翻译时不需要调整语序,直译即可。(2)Infact,thereishardlyarealmofnationallifethatisnottouchedbythecontroversythatoftenpitsthosewhostylethemselvesenvironmentalistsagainstproponentsofeconomicgrowthinourenergy-consumingsociety.此句中从句嵌套关系十分复杂。主要句架为:…thereis…lifethat…thecontroversythat…who…其中thereishardlyarealmofnationallifethat为否定句,意为:“国民生活的任何一个方面无不……”。否定副词hardly有“几乎不;简直不;绝不;一点也不”等意,又如:Thisishardlythetimetodiscusssuchmatters.在现在讨论这事根本不合适。ItwassodarkthatIcouldhardlysee.天太黑,我几乎看不见。Itrainedforsuchashorttimethatithardlydampenedtheground.雨只下了一会儿,地面几乎没被打湿。Icanhardlyaskhimdirectlyformoremoney.我几乎不能直接向他再要钱。Hehardlyevereatsmeat.他几乎从不吃肉。Peterishardlyeverlate.玛丽几乎从不迟到。(3)Theproblemistobalancetheneedsoftheenvironmentagainstthoseoftheeconomyorconsumerstryingtocopewiththehighcostoflivingwithoutdestroyingtheearthonwhichwealldepend.此句主要框架为:Theproblemistobalancetheneedsof…句中tryingtocopewiththehighcostoflivingwithoutdestroyingtheearthonwhichwealldepend为后置定语。其中又嵌套了一个定语从句:onwhichwealldepend,修饰名词theearth,介词on放在关系代词which的前面,相当于:theearthwhichwealldependon.句中balance作动词用,表示“使……均衡”,又如:Myaccountsbalanceforthefirsttimethisyear.今年我的账目竟首次出现收支平衡。Balancedtheprosandconsbeforemakingafinaldecision.在做出最后决定前先权衡利弊。介词against有“防备,防御;反对”等意,又如:againstthecold防寒againstarainyday防备雨天Wewonourmatchagainstthatteam.我们在比赛中赢了那个队。Nooneisagainstthisproposal.没有人反对这个提议。Somethinkthatit’sunnecessarytotakemedicineagainsttheflu.有人认为没必要服药预防流感。动词短语copewith意为:“处理;对付,应付;克服(with);(机会均等地)竞争;抗衡(with)”,又如:copewithunexpectedcatastrophes应对突如其来的灾难NoonecancopewithhiminEnglish.在英语方面谁都无法与他抗衡。
举一反三
  • The critics of rich world environmentalists' campaign against pollution in poor countries hold that poor countries should be more concerned about ______.

    A.the potential greenhouse effect

    B.the bad consequences of genetically engineered crops

    C.how to get rid of poverty

    D.how to develop education

  • Our planet is like a bit spaceship. Our atmosphere acts【51】a shield against harmful radiation and space debris.【52】holds the air and people on the spaceship,【53】everything doesn't float away. Each of us is an astronaut and our spaceship, the earth, provides our food and water. The sun is our energy【54】and without it we would not be able to survive.

    【55】every spaceship, the earth is a closed system. The only thing we receive from the outside is energy from the sun. Everything else must be used【56】again. We astronauts don't seem to realize that this spaceship is the【57】one we've got. We【58】its resources and waste the energy the plants have stored from the sun. If we【59】our spaceship, we will destroy ourselves as well. Maybe if we look at the universe which surrounds us, we will appreciate our own spaceship more and take【60】care of it.

    (51)

    A.for

    B.with

    C.as

    D.like

  • For serious study, an anthropologist______.

    A.must not study his own culture

    B.is not supposed to have a prejudice against any society

    C.should focus on those societies which are historically related to each other

    D.is obliged to work only on those societies which have no historical relationship to each other