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提问人:网友huzhuo800 发布时间:2022-01-07
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Fit to be PresidentAre you fit to be President of the United States? Physical fitness is n

Fit to be President

Are you fit to be President of the United States? Physical fitness is not a requirement, but it could be helpful. After all, the President's job is a stressful one. Many Presidents have found relief from the tension of their work through exercise. Their choices of. activities' have been as different as the personalities of the men who have held the office

Some Presidents kept fit by walking. George Washington and James Madison enjoyed nature walks.

Harry S. Truman was famous for his early morning walks. Reporters and photographers sometimes tagged along, but keeping up with him was not easy. Truman kept a brisk and exact pace. "I walk two miles most every morning at a hundred and twenty-eight steps a minute," he noted.

John Quincy Adams also enjoyed early morning walks." I walk by the light of moon or stars, or none, about four miles, usually returning home in time to see the sun rise from the eastern chamber of the House," he wrote. In tile summer, he followed his walk with a swim in the Potomac River.

Herbert Hoover said that walks were a "lonesome business". He was more interested in a team sport, He also wanted an activity that would give him a good workout, in a short amount of time. Hoover's White House physician created the perfect solution—a game that became known as Hoover-ball.

The game, similar to volleyball, was played with a six-pound medicine ball. The server threw the hall over the net. A player on the other team had to catch the ball before it touched the ground and throw it back. Each morning four to eighteen players turned out for games on the south lawn of the White House. Many of them were members of Hoover's cabinet.

Theodore Roosevelt was known to take the members of cabinet on long, exhausting hikes. He also enjoyed plenty of other activities. He played tennis, went horseback riding, and sparred with boxing partners in a ring set up at the White House. For a while, Roosevelt trained three times a week with two Japanese wrestlers. In a letter to his son, he described his progress. "Since you left they have taught me three new throws that are perfect corkers," he wrote.

Another active President was Gerald Ford, who had been a star football player in college. He played tennis, skied, and swam laps in the White House pool. He also worked out with weights, an activity that Ronald Reagan used to keep in shape.

Two of our Presidents swam as a way to manage health problems. Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had lost the use of his legs from polio, was able to build upper-body strength from daily swims in the White House pool. That strength helped him move easily from wheelchair to chair.

John F. Kennedy, who suffered from chronic back pain, also benefited from swimming in the White House pool. Because warm water soothed his back, Kennedy ordered that the pool be heated.

Man U. S. Presidents have been golfers. William Howard Taft was the first serious golfer in the White House. Dwight Eisenhower practiced the game often. Warren Harding even trained his dog to chase and return golf balls when he practiced on the south lawn of the White House. Woodrow Wilson enjoyed golf so much that he had some of his golf bans painted red for playing on snowy days.

Several Presidents have been joggers. Jimmy Carter regularly ran about four miles a day. George H. W. Bush found that his daily run was a good time to think. "It gives me time to reflect, to clear the head," he told a reporter. His son, current President George W. Bush, also jogs.

Politicians have found that a good way to get a bit of the President's time is to join him during one of his runs. Bill Clinton's White House scheduler kept a list of people who wanted to jog with the President. Many found that Clinton was in better shape than they had expected

A.Y

B.N

C.NG

简答题官方参考答案 (由简答题聘请的专业题库老师提供的解答)
A
解析:从第一段的最后一句可知本题正确。
更多“Fit to be PresidentAre you fit to be President of the United States? Physical fitness is n”相关的问题
第1题
Passers-by on the street managed to ( ) the badly injured driver with first aid treatment like cardiac massage and artificial respiration.

A、relive

B、revive

C、survive

D、alive

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第2题
The most well-known genre of Uighur music is the___________, which is characterized by variations and continuityof musical patterns.

A、madrigal

B、choral

C、toasting

D、muqam

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第3题
2. The _________(healthy) you are, the longer you will live.
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第4题
We have still tremendous obstacles to overcome before we can achieve our goal.

A、bars

B、objects

C、subjects

D、suffering

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第5题
阅读理解。阅读下面短文并回答问题。(请注意问题后的字...

阅读理解。

阅读下面短文并回答问题。(请注意问题后的字数要求)。

    [1]Everyone has dreams. Usually they obey the rule that if you can dream it, you can achieve it!If you

want to obtain a perfect life in the future, there are always some goals.

    [2]The first goal common to all of us is health and energy. We all want to be healthy and fit, to have

high levels of energy and to live free of pain and illness. Today, with the incredible advance in medical

science, the quality of our health and fitness, and our lifespan is largely determined by design, not by

chance. People with excellent health habits are far healthier, have more energy, and live longer and

better than people who have poor health habits. Remember that health is not everything, but without

health everything is nothing!

    [3]The second goal that we all have in common is to enjoy excellent relationships-personal or

social-with the people we like and respect, and who in turn. Fully 85% of your happiness will be

determined by the quality of your relationships at each stage, and in each area of your life. How well

you get along with people, and how much they like and respect you, have more impact on the quality

of your life than perhaps any other factor.

    [4]The third common goal is to do work that we enjoy, to do it well, and to be well paid for it. You

want to be able to get and keep the job you want, to get paid more and promoted faster.You want to

earn the very most that is possible for you at each stage of your career, no matter what you are engaged

in.

    [5]The fourth goal we all have in common is to achieve financial independence. You want to reach the

point in life where you have enough money so that you never have any financial worries. You want to

be completely free ofthem. You want to be able to order dinner in a restaurant without referring to the

price listings to determine what you want to eat.

1. What does this passage mainly about? (no more than 12 words)

                                                                              

2. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with proper words. (no more than 6 words)

                                                                              

3. Why does the author put health ahead of other goals?(no more than 20 words)

                                                                               

                                                                              

4. What does the underlined word"them"in the last paragraph probably refer

to? (no more than 3 words)

                                                                              

5. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 into Chinese.

                                                                               

                                                                              

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第6题
What have adults been accustomed to doing concerning young people?

A、They have been accustomed to carefully considering young people’s views.

B、They have been accustomed to listening to young people’s voice.

C、They have been accustomed to taking decisions for young people.

D、They have been accustomed to promoting young people’s best interest.

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第7题

It’s summer.In the United States,it’s the season of swimming pools,barbeques,camping and road trips. Road trip vacations where the car journey is part of the fun are especially popular with college students, who like to explore the country on wheels.These budget trips are ideal for students who often have plenty of free time but little money. “Ever since I went to college,Pve been traveling around a lot, exploring the country,” said Austin Hawkins, a 19-year-Old college student from New York.This summer, Hawkins and his friends have spent weekends traveling in New England. The best part about car trips,said Hawkins,is that you can be spontaneous.“On a road trip,if you get interested in tilings you see along the way you can stop and explore.” Matt Roberts, a 20-year-old student from Ohio who drove to Montreal, Canada, agrees.With road trips you don’t have to plan in advance,you can just get into a car and drive.” Even with high gas prices, driving with friends is cheaper than flying.Roberts paid about 40 dollars for gas, but a round trip plane ticket would have cost nearly 400 dollars. Driving trips first became popular in the 1920s.Newly paved roads and improved cars made it possible to travel longer distances.Motels started appearing outside cities. By the 1950s, car ownership became the norm.Construction of the US interstate highway system began in 1956 and motel and restaurant chains popped up everywhere making long distance trips easier. Today, the US has the highest car ownership rate in the world.Only 8 percent of American homes have no car, according to the most recent US census. Though many college students don’t own a car, most have access to one.On many of Hawkins’trips, they used a borrowed van. Hawkins’most memorable road trip took place over spring break.He and two friends drove from New York to New Orleans to volunteer, helping rebuild the city after Hurricane Katrina hit it last July.They crossed the country in two days and slept in their car in church parking lots. Roberts? road trip to Canada last winter was even more eventful.Upon arriving in Montreal, they were lost in a blizzard and shivering in the -25°cold.To find their hotel, they turned on a laptop and drove around in circles until they found a spot with wireless Internet coverage. “I know we should have planned better, but we’re youn

A.Now, when I see those guys I always say:‘Remember when we were lost in the snow storm!’I’ll never forget that.” Which of the following statements is NOT true of American college students?

B.They have little money

C.They like traveling by bike.

D.They like to explore the country.D.They often have plenty of time.

What will Hawkins do when he sees something interesting on a road trip?

A.He will turn back

B.He will drive around.

C.He will stop to explor

D.He will stop exploring.

When did motels suddenly appear everywhere?A.After the work to build the interstate highway system started.

B.When driving trips became popular.

C.After many roads were paved.

D.After new cars were made.

Which of the following words can best describe Hawkins? trip to New Orleans?A.Eventful

B.Colourful.

C.Delightful

D.Unforgettable.

The word“blizzard”in paragraph 12 means_________.A.snow storm

B.hurricane

C.mist

D.fog

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第8题
听力原文:M: Have you borrowed your books yet?W: I got my chemistry book, but the English h
听力原文:M: Have you borrowed your books yet?
W: I got my chemistry book, but the English history books were. not available. And I don't have a book for my math course.
Q: Which book has the woman borrowed?
(14)
A.The history book.
B.The English book.
C.The math book.
D.The chemistry book.
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第9题
仔细阅读:Declining mental function is often seen as a problem of old age,but certain aspects of brain

Section C(2016年6月英语四级卷2试题及答案)

Passage One

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

Declining mental function is often seen as a problem of old age,but certain aspects of brain function actually begin their decline in young adulthood, a new study suggests.

The study, which followed more than 2,000 healthy adults between the ages of 18 and 60, found that certain mental functions—including measures of abstract reasoning, mental speed and puzzle-solving—started to dull as early as age 27.

Dips in memory, meanwhile, generally became apparent around age 37.

On the other hand, indicators of a person’s accumulated knowledge—like performance on tests of vocabulary and general knowledge—kept improving with age, according to findings published in the journal Neurobiology of Aging.

The results do not mean that young adults need to start worrying about their memories. Most people’s minds function at a high level even in their later years, according to researcher Timothy Salthouse.

"These patterns suggest that some types of mental flexibility decrease relatively early in adulthood, but that the amount of knowledge one has, and the effectiveness of integrating it with one’s abilities,may increase throughout all of adulthood if there are no dispases," Salthouse said in a news release.

The study included healthy, educated adults who took standard tests of memory, reasoning and perception at the outset and at some point over the next seven years.

The tests are designed to detect subtle (细微的)changes in mental function, and involve solving Puzzles, recalling words and details from stories, and identifying patterns in collections of letters and symbols.

In general, Salthouse and his colleagues found, certain aspects of cognition (认知能力)generally started to decline in the late 20s to 30s.

The findings shed light on normal age-related changes in mental function, which could aid in understanding the process of dementia(痴呆),according to the researchers.

“By following individuals over time,” Salthouse said, "we gain insight in cognition changes, and may possibly discover ways to slow the rate of decline.”

The researchers are currently analyzing, the study participants' health and lifestyle. to see which factors might influence age-related cognitive changes.

47.What is the common view of mental function?

A.It varies from person to person.

C.It gradually expands with age.

B.It weakens in one’s later years.

D.It indicates one’s health condition.

48.What does the new study find about mental functions?

A.Some diseases inevitably lead to their decline.

B.They reach a peak at the age of 20 for most people.

C.They are closely related to physical' and mental exercise.

D.Some of them begin to decline when people are still young.

49.What does Timothy Salthouse say about people's minds in most cases?

A.They tend to decline in people’s later years.

B.Their flexibility determines one’s abilities.

C.They function quite well even in old age.

D.Their functioning is still a puzzle to be solved.

50.Although people’s minds may function less flexibly as they age, they_____.

A.may be better at solving puzzles

B.can memorize things with more ease

C.may have greater facility in abstract reasoning

D.can put what they have learnt into more effective use

51.According to Salthouse, their study may help us_____.

A.find ways to slow down our mental decline

6.find ways to boost our memories

C.understand the complex process of mental functioning

D.understand the relation between physical and mental health

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