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提问人:网友atskyfly 发布时间:2022-01-07
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JOBSA person planning for a career today must look carefully at the expected occupational

JOBS

A person planning for a career today must look carefully at the expected occupational trends and changes in the job market. Affecting the economy are changes in the size, age, and distribution of the population, as well as developments in technology. These changes also affect employment opportunities. For example, an aging population has increased the need for medical care and other health services. Computer technology has not only eliminated or changed the nature of many jobs but also created new occupations. By analyzing the changing economy and the factors causing these changes, a person can forecast, or predict, future trends in employment.

A New Labor Force

The United States labor force--the total number of people over the age of 16 who are employed or are actively seeking work totaled 127 million in 1992. By the year 2005, the labor force is expected to reach 151 million, an increase of 19%. This increase represents a slight slowdown in the growth of the labor force compared with growth during the previous 13-year period, 1979- 1992. The slowdown is largely due to slower population growth in the United States.

The U. S. labor force will become more diverse by 2005, White non-Hispanic men will make up a slightly smaller proportion of the labor force than in 1992, while women and minority group members will make up a larger share, Between 1992 and 2005, blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and other ethnic(种族的) groups will account for roughly 35% of all people entering the work force. In addition, women will continue to join the labor force in growing numbers. In 1979, women made up 42% of the labor force. By 2005, their share is expected to be 48%.

The age make-up of the U. S. population will change from 1992 to 2005. There will be a smaller proportion of children and teenagers and a larger proportion of middle-aged and older people. The decline in the proportion of Children and teenagers reflects the lower birth rates of the 1980s and 1990s. The large increase in the middle-aged population reflects the aging of the baby boom generation--people born between 1946 and 1964. The rapid growth of the older population reflects both the high birth rates before the 1930s and improvements in medical technology that are allowing Americans to live longer.

The changing age make-up of the U. S. population will directly affect tomorrow's work force, Young people age 16 to 24 are expected to make up roughly the same percentage of the labor force in 2005 as they did in 1992. However, the percentage of workers age 25 to 34 will decline dramatically, from 28% to 21%. The baby boom generation will continue to add members to the work force, but their' share will decline slightly. The most striking change will be a large increase in the percentage of workers between the ages of 45 and 54. These workers will account for 24% of the labor force in 2005, up from 18% in 1992. Workers in this age group usually have more employment experience than younger workers. Thus, employers will be able to choose from a larger pool of experienced applicants, people seeking jobs, in coming years.

Education: A Prerequisite(先决条件) for Employment

The education level of the labor force has risen dramatically in recent years. In 1980, for example, 19% of all workers age 25 and older had completed four years of college. In 1992, 27% had a bachelor's degree or higher. The trend toward higher educational achievement is expected to continue.

From 1992 to 2005, employment growth will be faster for occupations requiring higher levels of education or training than for those requiring less. Managerial, professional, and technical positions will make up an increasing proportion of new jobs that become available. Many of the occupations projected for grow most rapidly are those with higher earnings.

Office and factory automation, changes in consumer demand,

A.Y

B.N

C.NG

简答题官方参考答案 (由简答题聘请的专业题库老师提供的解答)
A
解析:本题考查文章的主题。需要先将文章浏览一遍。先看文章首段,第一句引起话题,说“做事业规划的人必须关注劳动力市场上的就业趋势和变化(occupational trends and changes)”,接着提出了影响就业机会(employment opportunities)同时也是影响经济的几个因素____ 人口和技术,并分别举例说明。最后说,分析经济的变化和这些变化的原因将帮助人们把握就业的未来趋势(future trends in employment)。以下各段共三个部分,“A New Labor Force”部分介绍了美国当前和历史上劳动力大军的数量和构成,并分析对就业形势的影响;“Education”部分分析了教育在历史上和将来对就业形势的影响;“Goods Vs Services”部分分别分析了Service Industries和Goods-Producing Industries内的就业趋势。所以本题题干的表述完全正确,the employment of the future就相当于文章中的future trends in employment。
更多“JOBSA person planning for a career today must look carefully at the expected occupational”相关的问题
第1题
An increase in supply is represented by a

A、movement downward and to the left along a supply curve.

B、movement upward and to the right along a supply curve.

C、rightward shift of a supply curve.

D、leftward shift of a supply curve.

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第2题
Jobs

A person planning for a career today must look carefully at the expected occupational trends and changes in the job market. Affecting the economy are changes in the size, age, and distribution of the population, as well as developments in technology. These change& also affect employment opportunities. For example, an aging population has increased the need for medical care and other health services. Computer technology has not only eliminated or changed the nature of many jobs but also created new occupations. By analyzing the changing economy and the factors causing these changes, a person can forecast, or predict, future trends in employment.

A New Labor Force

The United States labor force the total number of people over the age of 16 who are employed or are actively seeking work totaled 127 million in 1992. By the year 2005, the labor force is expected to reach 151 million, an increase of 19%. This increase represents a slight slowdown in the growth of the labor force compared with growth during the previous 13-year period, 1979 to 1992. The slowdown is largely due to slower population growth in the United States.

The U.S. labor force will become more diverse by 2005. White non-Hispanic men will make up a slightly smaller proportion of the labor force than in 1992, while women and minority group members will make up a larger share. Between 1992 and 2006, blacks, Hispanics, Asians, and other ethnic(种族的) groups will account for roughly 36% of all people entering the work force. In addition, women will continue to join the labor force in growing numbers. In 1979, women made up 42% of the labor force. By 2006, their share is expected to be 48%.

The age makeup of the U.S. population will change from 1992 to 2005. There will be a smaller proportion of children and teenagers and a larger proportion of middle-aged and older people. The decline in the proportion of children and teenagers reflects the lower birth rates of the 1980s and 1990s. The large increase in the middle-aged population reflects the aging of the baby boom generation people born between 1946 and 1964. The rapid growth of the older population reflects both the high birth rates before the 1930s and improvements in medical technology that are allowing Americans to live longer.

The changing age make-up of the U.S. population will directly affect tomorrow's work force. Young people aged 16 to 24 are expected to make up roughly the same percentage of the labor force in 2005 as they did in 1992. However, the percentage of workers aged 25 to 34 will decline dramatically, from 28% to 21%. The baby boom generation will continue to add members to the work force, but their share will decline slightly. The most striking change will be a large increase in the percentage of workers between the ages of 46 and 54. These workers will account for 24% of the labor force in 2005, up from 18% in 1992. Workers in this age group usually have more employment experience than younger workers. Thus, employers will be able to choose from a larger pool of experienced applicants, people seeking jobs, in coming years.

Education: A Prerequisite(先决条件) for Employment

The education level of the labor force has risen dramatically in recent years. In 1980, for example, 19% of all workers aged 26 and older had completed four years of college. In 1992, 27% had a bachelor's degree or higher. The trend toward higher educational achievement is expected to continue.

From 1992 to 2005, employment growth will be faster for occupations requiring higher levels of education or training than for those requiring less. Managerial, professional, and technical positions will make up an increasing proportion of new jobs that become available. Many of the occupations projected for grow most rapidly are those with higher earnings.

Office and factory automation, changes in consumer demand

A.Y

B.N

C.NG

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第3题
?Look at the statements below and at the five extracts about taxes.

?Which extract(A,B,C,D or E)does each statement(1-8)refer to?

?For each statement(1-8),mark one letter(A,B,C,D or E)on your Answer Sheet.

?You Will need to use some of these letters more than once.

A.Flat Tax

Income tax is a direct tax which is levied on the income of private individuals.There are various income tax systems that exist.ranging frOm a flat tax to an extensive progressive tax systern.

A flat tax,also cal led a proportional tax,is a system that taxes.Usual ly the flat tax is proposed to k ick in at a certain income level,or to exempt income below that level,so that the lowest-income members of society don't need to pay income tax.

Proposed flat taxes usually allow little or no exemption of earned income besides the bottom-level exemption.

Advocates of a flat tax claim that it will end unfair discrimination.They also argue that flat taxes are easier(and cheaper)to administer and comply with than complex,graduated taxes.Most political parties that advocate the introduction of a flat tax are on the right of the pol itical spectrum.

B.Progressive Tax

A progressive tax,or graduated tax,is a tax that is larger as a percentage of income for those with larger incomes.It is usually applied in reference to income taxes,where people with more income pay a higher percentage of it in taxes.The term progressive refers to the way the rate progresses from low to high.

C.Regressive Tax

A regressive tax is a tax which takes a larger percentage of income from people whose income is low. A tax which places placesonately more of a burden on those with lower incomes.

Regressive taxes,as opposed to progressive taxes,are more burdensome on lower-income individuals than on higher-income individuals and corporations.

D.Tax Deduction

Within the United States'income tax system,a tax deduction,or" tax-deductible expense" ,is an item which is subtracted from gross income in order to arrive at the taxable income.

Effectively,the taxpayer pays no income tax on the amount of money he spent on tax-deductible expenses.For example.if an individual earns$50,000 in a year and gives $5,000 to tax-deductible charities,he will end up paying income tax as though he had earned only$45,000 that year.In this way,the federal and state governments encourage certain types of spending.

E.Tax Avoidance and Tax Evasion

Tax avoidance is the legal exploitation of the tax regime to one's own advantage,to attempt to reduce the amount of tax that is payable by means that are within the law whilst making a full disclosure of the materialinformation to the tax authorities.

Tax evasion,on the other hand,is a crime.Tax evasion usually entails taxpayers deliberately misrepresenting or concealing the true state of their affairs to the tax authorities to reduce their tax liability,and includes,in particular,dishonest tax reporting,such as under-declared income,profits or gains;or overstated deductions.

In the U.S.if you donate 10,000 dollars to some charity organization,you can take that sum away from your total income when you pay income tax.

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第4题
_______ just should be written to a person or thing that’s absent.

A、An epithalamium

B、An ode

C、An elegy

D、A sonnet

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第5题
根据首字母或汉语提示,填写所缺单词,完成句子。1. We m...

根据首字母或汉语提示,填写所缺单词,完成句子。
1. We must look b             ways when we cross the road.

2. In China, buses must k_________ on the left.

3. Be careful, or you may get h________ in traffic accidents.

4. Fall is a h________ season. Farmers get a good harvest.

5. Can you help me c________ these books for me?

6. They made the flowers by h_________.

7. We like making _________(雪人) in winter.

8. It rained ________(大) last night.

9. I am ________(确信) she can come here.

10. I want to give my mother a ________(惊喜) on her birthday.

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第6题
Tom looked very much ______ when he was caught cheating in the English examination.A.embar
Tom looked very much ______ when he was caught cheating in the English examination.
A.embarrassed
B.disappointed
C.bewildered
D.discouraged

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!
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第7题
For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of The Bridge Between People. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.
1. 世界上有许多桥,人与人之间也有一座桥。
2. 人与人之间的桥很重要…
3. 如何维护好这座桥


请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!
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