题目内容 (请给出正确答案)
提问人:网友wl36978 发布时间:2022-01-07
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Inflation

Business and government leaders also consider the inflation rate to be an important general indicator.Inflation is a period of increased spending that causes rapid rises in prices.___(21) your money buys fewer goods so that you get__________(22) for the same amount of money as before, inflation is the problem、There is a general rise_________(23) the price of goods and services、Your money buys less、Sometimes people describe inflation as a time when “a dollar is not worth a dollar anymore”. Inflation is a problem for all consumers、People who live on a fixed income are hurt the_________(24).Retired people, for instance, cannot count on an increase in income as prices rise. Elderly people who do not work face serious problems in stretching their incomes to____________(25)their needs in time of inflation、Retirement income_________(26) any fixed income usually does not rise as fast as prices.Many retired people must cut their spending to___________(27) rising prices.In many cases they must stop ___________(28) some necessary items, such as food and clothing.Even_________(29) working people whose incomes are going up, inflation can be a problem.The_________(30) of living goes up,too.People who work must have even more money to keep up their standard of living, just buying the things they need costs more.When incomes do not keep_______________(31) with rising prices,the standard of living goes down.People may be earning the same amount of money, but they are not living as well because they are not able to buy as many goods and services. Government units gather information about prices in our economy and publish it as price indexes__________(32) the rate of change can be determined.A price index measures changes in prices using the price for a_________(33) year as the base.The base price is set at 100,and the other prices are reported as a_________(34) of the base price.A price index makes ________(35) possible to compare current prices of typical consumer goods,for example,with prices of the same goods in previous years.

A.Because

B.While

C.Since

D.When

______A.much

B.little

C.more

D.less

______A.in

B.on

C.at

D.to

______A.best

B.lease

C.most

D.worst

______A.meet

B.obtain

C.care

D.acquire

______

A.or

B.and

C.excluding

D.including

______

A.live up to

B.catch up on

C.put up with

D.keep up with

______

A.to buy

B.buying

C.having bought

D.from buying

______

A.for

B.to

C.of

D.if

______

A.price

B.level

C.cost

D.standard

______

A.race

B.pace

C.speed

D.step

______

A.last

B.given

C.fixed

D.definite

______

A.portion

B.fraction

C.proportion

D.percentage

______

A.it

B.us

C.one

D.you

简答题官方参考答案 (由简答题聘请的专业题库老师提供的解答)
问题 1 答案解析:D
由于文章说到通货膨胀是一个“阶段”,因此这里需要填写一个表示时间的关联词。本句话的意思 是“当你用同样的钱买到比以前少的东西时,通货膨胀就发生了”,因此选D。
问题 2 答案解析:D
根据句子关系和词语提示,本句上半句中的“fewer”可作提示词,“less”是“little”的比较形式,与“fewer”相配。下句中的“your money buys less”是更直接的提示,因此选D。
问题 3 答案解析:A
根据词语搭配和上下文线索提示。介词“in”与相应的名词搭配使用表示“在……方面增长或减 少”。本段第二句有类似的表达“that causes rapid rises in prices”。
问题 4 答案解析:C
根据上下文和逻辑关系,这里需要一个表示“最大”含义的词。本句话的意思是为“依赖固定收人 的人受影响最大”,因此选C。
问题 5 答案解析:A
根据词语习惯搭配。“meet one’s needs”满足需要。本句话的意思是“不再工作的老年人在通货 膨胀时期要靠工资满足需求”,因此选A。
问题 6 答案解析:A
根据该句的逻辑。“retirement income”属于“fixed income”,“or”连接两个前后表达属于同类范畴 的词。本句话的意思是“退休金和其他固定的收入通常没有物价上涨得快”,因此选A。
问题 7 答案解析:D
根据上下文含义和句子逻辑,本句需要填一个表示“跟上”的词,因此要选“keep up with”。本句话 的意思是“很多退休的人必须削减一些开支来跟上上涨的物价”,因此选D。
问题 8 答案解析:B
“stop”后面接动名词表示“不再做某事”,这句话的意思是“很多情况下他们不再买一些生活必需品”,因此选B。
问题 9 答案解析:A
根据语法逻辑,本句是状语部分前置,正常语序是“Inflation can be a problem even for working people whose incomes are going up”。“for”指“对于.来说”。本句话的意思是“甚至对于那些有工作,工资在上涨的人来说,通货膨胀也是一个问题”。
问题 10 答案解析:C
根据词语搭配和上下文意思,选“cost(成本)”,本句话的意思是“生活成本上升了,工作的人们必 须花更多的钱保证自己的生活质量”。
问题 11 答案解析:B
“keep pace with”指“跟上”,与“keep up with”同含义。本句话的意思是“当工资和物价上涨不同步 时,生活质量就下降”,因此选B。
问题 12 答案解析:B
“given”在这里指“给定的,一定的”,符合题目要求。本句话的意思是“通过特定一年的价格作为基数就可以衡量物价的变化”。
问题 13 答案解析:D
根据词语搭配和上下文线索选“百分比(percentage)”。本句话的意思是“其他物价按照这个基数 成为一个百分比数字”。
问题 14 答案解析:A
根据语法原则选“it”。“it”在这里是形式宾语,代替不定式“to compare current prices of typical consumer goods with prices of the same goods in previous years”。本句话的意思是“消费指数能够将某种商品的目前 价格与往年的价格做比较”。
更多“Inflation”相关的问题
第1题
If you expect the inflation rate to be 5 percent next year and a one-year bond has a yield to maturity of 7 percent, then the real interest rate on this bond is _________

A、-12 percent.

B、-2 percent.

C、2 percent.

D、12 percent.

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第2题
Inflation generally favors creditors at the expense of debtors.A.TrueB.False
Inflation generally favors creditors at the expense of debtors.
A.True
B.False

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!
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第3题
Transition often broadens the topic and make the logic smooth.
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第4题
Urbanization and Its Influence

Over half the world’s people now live in cities.The latest “Global Report on Human Settlements’says a significant change took place last year.The report ____(21) this week from U.N.Habitat,a United Nations agency. A century ago,_____(22) than five percent of all people lived in cities._____(23) the middle of this century it could be seventy percent,or______(24) six and a half billion people. Already three-fourths of people in _______ (25) countries live in cities.Now most urban population______ (26) is in the developing world. Urbanization can lead to social and economic progress,but also put_______ (27)on cities to provide housing and____________ (28).The new report says almost two hundred thousand people move_______(29) cities and towns each day.It says worsening inequalities,_______(30) by social divisions and differences in___(31) , could result in violence and crime unless cities plan better. Another issue is urban sprawl(无序扩展的城区).This is where cities______(32) quickly into rural areas?sometimes____(33) a much faster rate than urban population growth. Sprawl is common in the United States.Americans move a lot.In a recent study, Art Hall at the University of Kansas found that people are moving away from the ___(34) cities to smaller ones、He sees a____(35) toward “de-urbanization” across the nation.

A.came on

B.came over

C.came off

D.came out

______

A.more

B.less

C.other

D.rather

______A.By

B.Along

C.Through

D.To

______A.really

B.ever

C.barely

D.almost

______A.flourishing

B.thriving

C.developed

D.fertile

______A.extension

B.raise

C.addition

D.growth

______A.pressure

B.restraint

C.load

D.weight

______A.surroundings

B.concerns

C.communities

D.services

______A.onto

B.around

C.into

D.upon

______A.pulled

B.drawn

C.driven

D.pressed

______A.situation

B.treasure

C.wealth

D.category

______A.expand

B.invade

C.split

D.enlarge

______A.in

B.with

C.beyond

D.at

______A.essential

B.primitive

C.prior

D.major

______A.trend

B.direction

C.style.

D.path

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第5题

A.in which

B.of which

C.from which

D.by which

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第6题
They have (given up) the hope to save their friend from drowning.

A.built

B.ended

C.strengthen

D.abandoned

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第7题
This city is famous for its (magnificent) ancient buildings.

A.contemporary

B.distinguished

C.specialized

D.specified

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第8题
She has proved that she can be (railed on) in a crisis.

A.lived on

B.depended on

C.lived off

D.believed in

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第9题
He was a brilliant (organizer) and positively bubbled with ideas.

A.recipients

B.employees

C.actors

D.planners

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第10题
It’s impolite to (cut in) when others are having a conversation.

A.leave

B.talk loudly

C.interrupt

D.stand up

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