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提问人:网友xqhpx001 发布时间:2022-01-07
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Science is a dominant theme in our culture. Since it touches almost every facet of our lif

e, educated people need at least some acquaintance with its structure and operation. They should also have an understanding of the subculture in which scientists live and the kinds of people they are. An understanding of general characteristics of science as well as specific scientific concepts is easier to attain if one knows something about the things that excite and frustrate the scientist.

For the person who has been presented with science as a musty storehouse of dried facts; for the person who sees the chief objective of science as the production of gadgets; and for the person who views the scientists as some sort of magician. The book can be used to supplement a course in any science, to accompany any course that attempts to give an understanding of the modern work, or-independently of any course-simply to provide a better understanding of science. We hope this book will lead readers to a broader perspective on scientific attitudes and a more realistic view of what science is, who scientists are, and what they do. It will give them an awareness and understanding of the relationship between science and our culture and an appreciation of the roles science may play in our culture. In addition, readers may learn to appreciate the relationship between scientific views and some of the values and philosophies that are pervasive in our culture.

We have tried to present in this book an accurate and up-to-date picture of the scientific community and the people who populate it. That population has in recent years come to comprise more and more women. This increasing role of women in the scientific subculture is not a unique incident but, rather, part of the trend evident in all segments of society as more women enter traditionally male-dominated fields and make significant contributions. In discussing these changes and contribution, however, we are faced with a language that is implicitly sexist, one that uses male nouns or pronouns in referring to unspecified individuals. To offset this built-in bias, we have adopted the policy of using plural nouns and pronouns whenever possible and, when absolutely necessary, alternating he and she. This policy is far from being ideal, but it is at least an acknowledgment of the inadequacy of our language in treating half of the human race equally.

We have also tried to make the book entertaining as well as informative. Our approach is usually informal. We feel, as do many other scientists, that we shouldn't take ourselves too seriously. As the reader may observe, we see science as a delightful pastime rather than as a grim and dreary way to earn a living.

According to the passage, "scientific subculture" means ______.

A.cultural groups that are formed by scientists

B.people whose knowledge of science is very limited

C.the scientific community

D.people who make good contribution to science

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更多“Science is a dominant theme in our culture. Since it touches almost every facet of our lif”相关的问题
第1题
It’s our _____ to maintain the public security rather than just to be a stander-by.

A、obligation

B、burden

C、privilege

D、routine

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第2题
They are determined to do their bit in adopting the mechanization of agriculture. (翻译)

请帮忙给出正确答案和分析,谢谢!
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第3题
Love is a sweet _____, because the lover endures its torment willingly. 爱情专横而又甜蜜,因为恋爱者心甘情愿忍受其折磨。
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第4题
which are the first two reasons to blame in leading uncivilized behaviors

A、lack of fund

B、different way of thinking under oriental and western cultures

C、poor or lack of cross culture communication knowledge

D、not familiar with destinations

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第5题
With its perfect l__________, magnificent buildings and enchanting landscape, the Summer Palace is the most splendid classical garden in China.
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第6题
2. The United Nations first propose the concept of "sustainable development" in the magazine .
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第7题
In Zn the ionization energy of K shell is 9.659 KeV and L shell 1.021 KeV. The kinetic energy of the Auger electron emitted from the L shell is ( )

A、7.62 KeV

B、1.02 KeV

C、8.638 KeV

D、4.579 KeV

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第8题

The Spanish Government is so worried about the number of young adults still living with their parents that it has decided to help them leave the nest. Around 55 percent of people aged 18—34 in Spain still sleep in their parents? homes,says the latest report from the country’s state-run Institute of Youth. To coax (劝诱)young people from their homes,the institute started a “Youth Emancipation(解放)programme this month.The programme offers guidance in finding rooms and jobs. Economists blame young people’s family dependence on the precarious (不稳定的)labour market and increasing housing prices、Housing prices have risen 17 percent a year since 2000. Cultural reasons also contribute to the problem, say sociologists、Family ties in south Europe—Italy,Portugal and Greece—are stronger than those in middle and north Europe? Said Spanish sociologist Almudena Moreno Minguez in her report uThe Late Emancipation of Spanish Youth: Keys for Understanding”. “In general,young people in Spain firmly believe in the family as the main body around which their private life is organized,”said Minguez. In Spain----especially in the countryside, it is not uncommon to find entire groups of aunts,uncles,cousins,nieces and nephews(夕卜甥/侄子)all living on the same street.They regularly get together for Sunday dinner. Parents’ tolerance(宽容)is another factor.Spanish parents accept late-night partying and are wary of setting bedtime rules. “A child can arrive home at whatever time he wants.If parents complain he’ll put up a big fight and call the father a Fascist,” said Jose Antonio Gomez Yanez,a sociologist at Carlos III University in Madrid. Mothers’ willingness to do children’s household chores worsens the problem、Dionisio Masso,a 60-year-old in Madrid, has three children in their 20s.The eldest, 28, has a girlfriend and a job.But life with mum is good. “His mum does the wash and cooks for him; in the end,he lives well,” Masso said. The “Youth Emancipation” programme aims at helping young people______________.A.fight for freedom

B.live in an independent way

C.fight against social injustice

D.get rid of family responsibilities

It can be inferred from paragraph 5 that family ties are stronger in Portugal than in______.A.Finland

B.Greece

C.Spain

D.Italy

Young people’s family dependence can be attributed to all the following factors EXCEPT______.A.parent’s tolerance

B.housing problems

C.cultural traditions

D.unwillingness to get married

Which of the following statements is NOT true of Dinoisio Masso?A.She is 60 years old

B.She has a boyfriend.

C.She has three children

D.She lives in Madrid.

The phrase “wary of” in paragraph 8 could be best replaced by_________.A.tired of

B.afraid of

C.cautious about

D.worried about

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第9题
________did we go swimming in the Changjiang River.

A.Only

B.Once

C.Seldom

D.When

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第10题
—Vm surprised to hear that Sue and Paul have______________.—So am I.They seemed very happy together when I last saw them.

A.broken up

B.finished up

C.divided up

D.closed up

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